yabo登录

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教育部關于印發《高等學校課程思政建設 指導綱要》的通知

時間:2021-06-05瀏覽:21設置

jiaogao〔2020〕3hao

gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijiaoyuting(jiaowei),xinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuanjiaoyuju,youguanbumen(danwei)jiaoyusi(ju),bushugegaodengxuexiao、bushenghejiangegaodengxuexiao:

yabo登录  《gaodengxuexiaokechengsizhengjianshezhidaogangyao》yijingjiaoyubudangzuhuiyishenyitongguo,xianyinfageinimen,qingjieheshijirenzhenguanchezhixing。

jiaoyubu

2020nian5yue28ri

高等學校課程思政建設指導綱要

  weishenruguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujiguanyujiaoyudezhongyaolunshuhequanguojiaoyudahuijingshen,guancheluoshizhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongting《guanyushenhuaxinshidaixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkegaigechuangxinderuoganyijian》,basixiangzhengzhijiaoyuguanchuanrencaipeiyangtixi,quanmiantuijingaoxiaokechengsizhengjianshe,fahuihaomeimenkechengdeyurenzuoyong,tigaogaoxiaorencaipeiyangzhiliang,tezhidingbengangyao。

    一、全面推進課程思政建設是落實立德樹人根本任務的戰略舉措

  peiyangshenmeren、zenyangpeiyangren、weishuipeiyangrenshijiaoyudegenbenwenti,lideshurenchengxiaoshijianyangaoxiaoyiqiegongzuodegenbenbiaozhun。luoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,bixujiangjiazhisuzao、zhishichuanshouhenenglipeiyangsanzherongweiyiti、bukegelie。quanmiantuijinkechengsizhengjianshe,jiushiyaoyujiazhiguanyindaoyuzhishichuanshouhenenglipeiyangzhizhong,bangzhuxueshengsuzaozhengquedeshijieguan、renshengguan、jiazhiguan,zheshirencaipeiyangdeyingyouzhiyi,gengshibibeineirong。zheyizhanlvejucuo,yingxiangshenzhijuedingzhujiebanrenwenti,yingxiangshenzhijuedingzhuguojiachangzhijiuan,yingxiangshenzhijuedingzhuminzufuxingheguojiajueqi。yaojinjinzhuazhujiaoshiduiwu“zhulijun”、kechengjianshe“zhuzhanchang”、ketangjiaoxue“zhuqudao”,rangsuoyougaoxiao、suoyoujiaoshi、suoyoukechengdouchengdanhaoyurenzeren,shouhaoyiduanqu、zhonghaozerentian,shigeleikechengyusizhengkechengtongxiangtongxing,jiangxianxingjiaoyuheyinxingjiaoyuxiangtongyi,xingchengxietongxiaoying,goujianquanyuanquanchengquanfangweiyurendageju。

    二、課程思政建設是全面提高人才培養質量的重要任務

yabo登录  gaodengxuexiaorencaipeiyangshiyurenheyucaixiangtongyideguocheng。jianshegaoshuipingrencaipeiyangtixi,bixujiangsixiangzhengzhigongzuotixiguantongqizhong,bixuzhuahaokechengsizhengjianshe,jiejuehaozhuanyejiaoyuhesizhengjiaoyu“liangzhangpi”wenti。yaolaoguquelirencaipeiyangdezhongxindiwei,weiraogoujiangaoshuipingrencaipeiyangtixi,buduanwanshankechengsizhenggongzuotixi、jiaoxuetixiheneirongtixi。gaoxiaozhuyaofuzetongzhiyaozhijiezhuarencaipeiyanggongzuo,tongchouzuohaogexuekezhuanye、geleikechengdekechengsizhengjianshe。yaojinjinweiraoguojiahequyufazhanxuqiu,jiehexuexiaofazhandingweiherencaipeiyangmubiao,goujianquanmianfugai、leixingfengfu、cengcidijin、xianghuzhichengdekechengsizhengtixi。yaoqieshibajiaoyujiaoxuezuoweizuijichuzuigenbendegongzuo,shenruwajuegeleikechenghejiaoxuefangshizhongyunhandesixiangzhengzhijiaoyuziyuan,rangxueshengtongguoxuexi,zhangwoshiwufazhanguilv,tongxiaotianxiadaoli,fengfuxueshi,zengchangjianshi,suzaopinge,nulichengweidezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。

    三、明確課程思政建設目標要求和內容重點

yabo登录  kechengsizhengjianshegongzuoyaoweiraoquanmiantigaorencaipeiyangnenglizhegehexindian,zaiquanguosuoyougaoxiao、suoyouxuekezhuanyequanmiantuijin,cushikechengsizhengdelinianxingchengguangfangongshi,guangdajiaoshikaizhankechengsizhengjianshedeyishihenengliquanmiantisheng,xietongtuijinkechengsizhengjianshedetizhijizhijibenjianquan,gaoxiaolideshurenchengxiaojinyibutigao。

  kechengsizhengjiansheneirongyaojinjinweiraojiandingxueshenglixiangxinnian,yiaidang、aiguo、aishehuizhuyi、airenmin、aijitiweizhuxian,weiraozhengzhirentong、jiaguoqinghuai、wenhuasuyang、xianfafazhiyishi、daodexiuyangdengzhongdianyouhuakechengsizhengneironggonggei,xitongjinxingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyihezhongguomengjiaoyu、shehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanjiaoyu、fazhijiaoyu、laodongjiaoyu、xinlijiankangjiaoyu、zhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuajiaoyu。

  ——tuijinxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangjinjiaocaijinketangjintounao。jianchibuxieyongxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhuhunyuren,yindaoxueshenglejieshiqingguoqingdangqingminqing,zengqiangduidangdechuangxinlilundezhengzhirentong、sixiangrentong、qingganrentong,jiandingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin、wenhuazixin。

yabo登录  ——peiyuhejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan。jiaoyuyindaoxueshengbaguojia、shehui、gongmindejiazhiyaoqiurongweiyiti,tigaogerendeaiguo、jingye、chengxin、youshanxiuyang,zijuebaxiaoworongrudawo,buduanzhuiqiuguojiadefuqiang、minzhu、wenming、hexieheshehuideziyou、pingdeng、gongzheng、fazhi,jiangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanneihuaweijingshenzhuiqiu、waihuaweizijuexingdong。

  ——jiaqiangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuajiaoyu。dalihongyangyiaiguozhuyiweihexindeminzujingshenheyigaigechuangxinweihexindeshidaijingshen,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengshenkelijiezhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuazhongjiangrenai、zhongminben、shouchengxin、chongzhengyi、shanghehe、qiudatongdesixiangjinghuaheshidaijiazhi,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengchuanchengzhonghuawenmo,fuyouzhongguoxin、baohanzhongguoqing、chongmanzhongguowei。

yabo登录  ——shenrukaizhanxianfafazhijiaoyu。jiaoyuyindaoxueshengxuesijianwuxijinpingquanmianyifazhiguoxinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,laogushulifazhiguannian,jiandingzouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhidaoludelixianghexinnian,shenhuaduifazhilinian、fazhiyuanze、zhongyaofalvgainianderenzhi,tigaoyunyongfazhisiweihefazhifangshiweihuzishenquanli、canyushehuigonggongshiwu、huajiemaodunjiufendeyishihenengli。

  ——shenhuazhiyelixianghezhiyedaodejiaoyu。jiaoyuyindaoxueshengshenkelijiebingzijueshijiangexingyedezhiyejingshenhezhiyeguifan,zengqiangzhiyezerengan,peiyangzunjishoufa、aigangjingye、wusifengxian、chengshishouxin、gongdaobanshi、kaituochuangxindezhiyepingehexingweixiguan。

    四、科學設計課程思政教學體系

yabo登录  gaoxiaoyaoyouzhenduixingdixiudingrencaipeiyangfangan,qieshiluoshigaodengzhiyexuexiaozhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhun、benkezhuanyeleijiaoxuezhiliangguojiabiaozhunheyijixueke、zhuanyexueweileibie(lingyu)boshishuoshixueweijibenyaoqiu,goujiankexuehelidekechengsizhengjiaoxuetixi。yaojianchixueshengzhongxin、chanchudaoxiang、chixugaijin,buduantishengxueshengdekechengxuexitiyan、xuexixiaoguo,jianjuefangzhi“tiebiaoqian”“liangzhangpi”。

  gonggongjichukecheng。yaozhongdianjiansheyipitigaodaxueshengsixiangdaodexiuyang、renwensuzhi、kexuejingshen、xianfafazhiyishi、guojiaanquanyishiherenzhinenglidekecheng,zhuzhongzaiqianyimohuazhongjiandingxueshenglixiangxinnian、houzhiaiguozhuyiqinghuai、jiaqiangpindexiuyang、zengchangzhishijianshi、peiyangfendoujingshen,tishengxueshengzonghesuzhi。dazaoyipiyoutesedetiyu、meiyuleikecheng,bangzhuxueshengzaitiyuduanlianzhongxiangshoulequ、zengqiangtizhi、jianquanrenge、chuilianyizhi,zaimeiyujiaoxuezhongtishengshenmeisuyang、taoyeqingcao、wenrunxinling、jifachuangzaochuangxinhuoli。

yabo登录  zhuanyejiaoyukecheng。yaogenjubutongxuekezhuanyedeteseheyoushi,shenruyanjiubutongzhuanyedeyurenmubiao,shenduwajuetilianzhuanyezhishitixizhongsuoyunhandesixiangjiazhihejingshenneihan,kexuehelituozhanzhuanyekechengdeguangdu、shenduhewendu,congkechengsuoshezhuanye、xingye、guojia、guoji、wenhua、lishidengjiaodu,zengjiakechengdezhishixing、renwenxing,tishengyinlingxing、shidaixinghekaifangxing。

  shijianleikecheng。zhuanyeshiyanshijiankecheng,yaozhuzhongxuesijiehe、zhixingtongyi,zengqiangxueshengyongyutansuodechuangxinjingshen、shanyujiejuewentideshijiannengli。chuangxinchuangyejiaoyukecheng,yaozhuzhongrangxuesheng“ganchuanghuichuang”,zaiqinshencanyuzhongzengqiangchuangxinjingshen、chuangzaoyishihechuangyenengli。shehuishijianleikecheng,yaozhuzhongjiaoyuheyindaoxueshenghongyanglaodongjingshen,jiang“duwanjuanshu”yu“xingwanlilu”xiangjiehe,zhagenzhongguodadilejieguoqingminqing,zaishijianzhongzengchangzhihuicaigan,zaijiankufendouzhongchuilianyizhipinzhi。

    五、結合專業特點分類推進課程思政建設

yabo登录  zhuanyekechengshikechengsizhengjianshedejibenzaiti。yaoshenrushulizhuanyekejiaoxueneirong,jiehebutongkechengtedian、siweifangfahejiazhilinian,shenruwajuekechengsizhengyuansu,youjirongrukechengjiaoxue,dadaorunwuwushengdeyurenxiaoguo。

  ——wenxue、lishixue、zhexueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongbangzhuxueshengzhangwomakesizhuyishijieguanhefangfalun,conglishiyuxianshi、lilunyushijiandengweidushenkelijiexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang。yaojiehezhuanyezhishijiaoyuyindaoxueshengshenkelijieshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,zijuehongyangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua、gemingwenhua、shehuizhuyixianjinwenhua。

  ——jingjixue、guanlixue、faxueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongjianchiyimakesizhuyiweizhidao,jiakuaigoujianzhongguotesezhexueshehuikexuexueketixi、xueshutixi、huayutixi。yaobangzhuxueshenglejiexiangguanzhuanyehexingyelingyudeguojiazhanlve、falvfaguihexiangguanzhengce,yindaoxueshengshenrushehuishijian、guanzhuxianshiwenti,peiyuxueshengjingshijimin、chengxinfuwu、defajianxiudezhiyesuyang。

  ——jiaoyuxueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongzhuzhongjiaqiangshideshifengjiaoyu,tuchuketangyude、dianxingshude、guizelide,yindaoxueshengshulixueweirenshi、xingweishifandezhiyelixiang,peiyuaiguoshoufa、guifancongjiaodezhiyecaoshou,peiyangxueshengchuandaoqinghuai、shouyediyun、jiehuonengli,baduijiaguodeai、duijiaoyudeai、duixueshengdeairongweiyiti,zijueyidelishen、yidelixue、yideshijiao,zhengzuoyoulixiangxinnian、youdaodeqingcao、youzhashixueshi、yourenaizhixinde“siyou”haolaoshi,jiandingbuyizouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyufazhandaolu。tiyuleikechengyaoshulijiankangdiyidejiaoyulinian,zhuzhongaiguozhuyijiaoyuhechuantongwenhuajiaoyu,peiyangxueshengwanqiangpinbo、fendouyouwodexinnian,jifaxueshengtishengquanminzushentisuzhidezerengan。

  ——lixue、gongxueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongbamakesizhuyilichangguandianfangfadejiaoyuyukexuejingshendepeiyangjieheqilai,tigaoxueshengzhengquerenshiwenti、fenxiwentihejiejuewentidenengli。lixueleizhuanyekecheng,yaozhuzhongkexuesiweifangfadexunlianhekexuelunlidejiaoyu,peiyangxueshengtansuoweizhi、zhuiqiuzhenli、yongpankexuegaofengdezerenganheshiminggan。gongxueleizhuanyekecheng,yaozhuzhongqianghuaxueshenggongchenglunlijiaoyu,peiyangxueshengjingyiqiujingdedaguogongjiangjingshen,jifaxueshengkejibaoguodejiaguoqinghuaiheshimingdandang。

yabo登录  ——nongxueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongjiaqiangshengtaiwenmingjiaoyu,yindaoxueshengshulihejianxinglvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshandelinian。yaozhuzhongpeiyangxueshengde“daguosannong”qinghuai,yindaoxueshengyiqiangnongxingnongweijiren,“dongnongye、ainongcun、ainongmin”,shulibalunwenxiezaizuguodadishangdeyishihexinnian,zengqiangxueshengfuwunongyenongcunxiandaihua、fuwuxiangcunquanmianzhenxingdeshimingganhezerengan,peiyangzhinongainongchuangxinrencai。

yabo登录  ——yixueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongzhuzhongjiaqiangyideyifengjiaoyu,zhulipeiyangxuesheng“jingyoushengming、jiusifushang、ganyufengxian、daaiwujiang”deyizhejingshen,zhuzhongjiaqiangyizherenxinjiaoyu,zaipeiyangjingzhanyishudetongshi,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengshizhongbarenminqunzhongshengminganquanheshentijiankangfangzaishouwei,zunzhonghuanzhe,shanyugoutong,tishengzonghesuyangherenwenxiuyang,tishengyifayingduizhongdatufagonggongweishengshijiannengli,zuodangherenminxinlaidehaoyisheng。

yabo登录  ——yishuxueleizhuanyekecheng。yaozaikechengjiaoxuezhongjiaoyuyindaoxueshenglizushidai、zhagenrenmin、shenrushenghuo,shulizhengquedeyishuguanhechuangzuoguan。yaojianchiyimeiyuren、yimeihuaren,jijihongyangzhonghuameiyujingshen,yindaoxueshengzijuechuanchenghehongyangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua,quanmiantigaoxueshengdeshenmeiherenwensuyang,zengqiangwenhuazixin。

yabo登录  gaodengzhiyexuexiaoyaojiehegaozhizhuanyefenleihekechengshezhiqingkuang,luoshihaofenleituijinxiangguanyaoqiu。

    六、將課程思政融入課堂教學建設全過程

  gaoxiaokechengsizhengyaorongruketangjiaoxuejianshe,zuoweikechengshezhi、jiaoxuedaganghezhunhejiaoanpingjiadezhongyaoneirong,luoshidaokechengmubiaosheji、jiaoxuedagangxiuding、jiaocaibianshenxuanyong、jiaoankejianbianxiegefangmian,guanchuanyuketangshouke、jiaoxueyantao、shiyanshixun、zuoyelunwengehuanjie。yaojianghaoyonghaomagongchengzhongdianjiaocai,tuijinjiaocaineirongjinrencaipeiyangfangan、jinjiaoankejian、jinkaoshi。yaochuangxinketangjiaoxuemoshi,tuijinxiandaixinxijishuzaikechengsizhengjiaoxuezhongdeyingyong,jifaxueshengxuexixingqu,yindaoxueshengshenrusikao。yaojianquangaoxiaoketangjiaoxueguanlitixi,gaijinketangjiaoxueguochengguanli,tigaokechengsizhengneihanrongruketangjiaoxuedeshuiping。yaozongheyunyongdiyiketanghedierketang,zuzhikaizhan“zhongguozhengfashiwudajiangtang”“xinwenshiwudajiangtang”dengxiliejiangtang,shenrukaizhan“qingnianhongsezhumengzhilv”“baiwanshishengdashijian”dengshehuishijian、zhiyuanfuwu、shixishixunhuodong,buduantuozhankechengsizhengjianshefangfahetujing。

    七、提升教師課程思政建設的意識和能力

  quanmiantuijinkechengsizhengjianshe,jiaoshishiguanjian。yaotuidongguangdajiaoshijinyibuqianghuayurenyishi,zhaozhunyurenjiaodu,tishengyurennengli,quebaokechengsizhengjiansheluodiluoshi、jiangongjianxiao。yaojiaqiangjiaoshikechengsizhengnenglijianshe,jianlijianquanyouzhiziyuangongxiangjizhi,zhichigedigegaoxiaodajiankechengsizhengjianshejiaoliupingtai,fenquyu、fenxuekezhuanyelingyukaizhanjingchangxingdedianxingjingyanjiaoliu、xianchangjiaoxueguanmo、jiaoshijiaoxuepeixundenghuodong,chongfenliyongxiandaixinxijishushouduan,cujinyouzhiziyuanzaigequyu、cengci、leixingdegaoxiaojiangongxianggongyong。yituogaoxiaojiaoshiwangluopeixunzhongxin、jiaoshijiaoxuefazhanzhongxindeng,shenrukaizhanmakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixue、makesizhuyixinwenguan、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhililun、falvzhiyelunli、gongchenglunli、yixuerenwenjiaoyudengzhuantipeixun。zhichigaoxiaojiangkechengsizhengnarujiaoshigangqianpeixun、zaigangpeixunheshideshifeng、jiaoxuenenglizhuantipeixundeng。chongfenfahuijiaoyanshi、jiaoxuetuandui、kechengzudengjicengjiaoxuezuzhizuoyong,jianlikechengsizhengjitijiaoyanzhidu。gulizhichisizhengkejiaoshiyuzhuanyekejiaoshihezuojiaoxuejiaoyan,gulizhichiyuanshi、“changjiangxuezhe”、“jieqing”、guojiajijiaoxuemingshidengdaitoukaizhankechengsizhengjianshe。

yabo登录  jiaqiangkechengsizhengjianshezhongdian、nandian、qianzhanxingwentideyanjiu,zaijiaoyubuzhexueshehuikexueyanjiuxiangmuzhongjijizhichikechengsizhengleiyanjiuxuanti。chongfenfahuigaoxiaokechengsizhengjiaoxueyanjiuzhongxin、sixiangzhengzhigongzuochuangxinfazhanzhongxin、makesizhuyixueyuanhexiangguanxuekezhuanyejiaoxuezuzhidezuoyong,goujianduocengcikechengsizhengjiansheyanjiutixi。

    八、建立健全課程思政建設質量評價體系和激勵機制

yabo登录  rencaipeiyangxiaoguoshikechengsizhengjianshepingjiadeshouyaobiaozhun。jianlijianquanduoweidudekechengsizhengjianshechengxiaokaohepingjiatixihejiandujianchajizhi,zaigeleikaohepinggupingjiagongzuoheshenhuagaoxiaojiaoyujiaoxuegaigezhongluoxiluoshi。chongfenfahuigejigeleijiaoxuezhidaoweiyuanhui、xuekepingyizu、zhuanyexueweijiaoyuzhidaoweiyuanhui、xingyezhiyejiaoyujiaoxuezhidaoweiyuanhuidengzhuanjiazuzhizuoyong,yanjiuzhidingkexueduoyuandekechengsizhengpingjiabiaozhun。bakechengsizhengjianshechengxiaozuowei“shuangyiliu”jianshejianceyuchengxiaopingjia、xuekepinggu、benkejiaoxuepinggu、yiliuzhuanyeheyiliukechengjianshe、zhuanyerenzheng、“shuanggaojihua”pingjia、gaoxiaohuoyuanxijiaoxuejixiaokaohedengdezhongyaoneirong。bajiaoshicanyukechengsizhengjiansheqingkuanghejiaoxuexiaoguozuoweijiaoshikaohepingjia、gangweipinyong、pingyoujiangli、xuanbapeixundezhongyaoneirong。zaijiaoxuechengguojiang、jiaocaijiangdenggeleichengguodebiaozhangjiangligongzuozhong,tuchukechengsizhengyaoqiu,jiadaduikechengsizhengjiansheyouxiuchengguodezhichilidu。

    九、加強課程思政建設組織實施和條件保障

  kechengsizhengjiansheshiyixiangxitonggongcheng,gedigegaoxiaoyaogaoduzhongshi,jiaqiangdingcengsheji,quanmianguihua,xunxujianjin,yidiandaimian,buduantigaojiaoxuexiaoguo。yaozunzhongjiaoyujiaoxueguilvherencaipeiyangguilv,shiyingbutonggaoxiao、butongzhuanye、butongkechengdetedian,qianghuafenleizhidao,quedingtongyixinghechayixingyaoqiu。yaochongfenfahuijiaoshidezhutizuoyong,qieshitigaomeiyiweijiaoshicanyukechengsizhengjianshedejijixinghezhudongxing。

  jiaqiangzuzhilingdao。jiaoyubuchenglikechengsizhengjianshegongzuoxiediaoxiaozu,tongchouyanjiuzhongdazhengce,zhidaodifang、gaoxiaokaizhangongzuo;zujiangaoxiaokechengsizhengjianshezhuanjiazixunweiyuanhui,tigongzhuanjiazixunyijian。gedijiaoyubumenhegaoxiaoyaoqieshijiaqiangduikechengsizhengjianshedelingdao,jieheshijiyanjiuzhidinggedi、gexiaokechengsizhengjianshegongzuofangan,jianquangongzuojizhi,qianghuaduchajiancha。gegaoxiaoyaojianlidangweitongyilingdao、dangzhengqizhuagongguan、jiaowubumenqiantouzhuazong、xiangguanbumenliandong、yuanxiluoshituijin、zishentesexianmingdekechengsizhengjianshegongzuogeju。

yabo登录  jiaqiangzhichibaozhang。gedijiaoyubumenyaojiaqiangzhengcexiediaopeitao,tongchoudifangcaizhenggaodengjiaoyuzijinhezhongyangzhichidifanggaoxiaogaigefazhanzijin,zhichigaoxiaotuijinkechengsizhengjianshe。zhongyangbumensuoshugaoxiaoyaotongchouliyongzhongyanggaoxiaojiaoyujiaoxuegaigezhuanxiangdengzhongyanggaoxiaoyusuanbokuanheqitageleiziyuan,jiehexuexiaoshiji,zhichikechengsizhengjianshegongzuo。difanggaoxiaoyaogenjuzishenjianshejihua,tongchougeleiziyuan,jiadaduikechengsizhengjianshedetourulidu。

  jiaqiangshifanyinling。mianxiangbutongcengcigaoxiao、butongxuekezhuanye、butongleixingkecheng,chixushenruzhuadianxing、shubiaogan、tuijingyan,xingchengguimo、xingchengfanshi、xingchengtixi。jiaoyubuxuanshuyipikechengsizhengjianshexianxingxiao、yipikechengsizhengjiaoxuemingshihetuandui,tuichuyipikechengsizhengshifankecheng、jiansheyipikechengsizhengjiaoxueyanjiushifanzhongxin,sheliyipikechengsizhengjiansheyanjiuxiangmu,tuidongjiansheguojia、shengji、gaoxiaoduocengcishifantixi,dalituiguangkechengsizhengjianshexianjinjingyanhezuofa,quanmianxingchengguangfankaizhankechengsizhengjianshedelianghaofenwei,quanmiantigaorencaipeiyangzhiliang。(laiyuan:jiaoyubu)


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